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WOOD FLOOR FINISHES

Art DictionaryWood Floor Terms
Wood Floor Finishes create lasting beauty and requires minimal care with today's modern technology in wood floor finish products. The right finish protects wood flooring from wear, dirt and moisture while giving the wood an attractive color and sheen. Today most wood floors are finished with a stain and a top coat. Technology has provided a wide selection of wood flooring finishes, each with its own distinct benefits and appearances.
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Surface Finishes - Surface finishes are very popular today because they are durable, water-resistant and require minimal maintenance. Surface finishes are blends of synthetic resins. These finishes most often referred to as urethanes or polyurethanes remain on the surface of the wood and form a protective coating. They are generally available in high-gloss, semi-gloss, satin and matte. Any one of the surface finishes are appropriate for the kitchen.
There are basically four(4) types of surface finishes:
1.Oil-modified urethane is generally the most common surface finish and is easy to apply. It is a solvent-base polyurethane that dries in about eight hours. This type of finish ambers with age.
2.Moisture-cure urethane is a solvent-base polyurethane that is more durable and more moisture resistant than other surface finishes. Moisture-cure urethane comes in non-yellowing and in ambering types and is generally available in satin or gloss. These finishes are extremely difficult to apply, have a strong odor and are best left to the professional.
3.Swedish finish or acid cure urethane is a clear and fast drying finish. It is durable and non-yellowing. These finishes have an extremely strong odor and should be applied by the highly skilled wood flooring professional.
4.Water-based urethane is a waterborne urethane that dries by water evaporation. These finishes are clear and non-yellowing. They have a milder odor than oil-modified finishes have and they dry in about two to three hours. Water-based urethanes are generally more expensive.
Penetrating Stain and Wax
This finish soaks into the pores of the wood and hardens to form a protective penetrating seal. The wax gives a low-gloss satin sheen that wears only as the wood wears. It will not chip or scratch and is generally maintained with additional thin applications of wax. Usually, wax finishes are applied more often than surface finishes. Only solvent-based (never water-based) waxes, buffing pastes or cleaning liquids specifically made for wood floors should be used.
Wax- The oldest, and in some ways the best. Wax is the easiest to apply, least expensive, fastest drying, easiest to repair, and with proper care will survive forever. Wax over a penetrating stain, and the system is in the wood so you wear the wood, not the finish. Proper care involves maintenance with colored waxes. Water will spot the waxed surface and must be removed (or prevented). Buffing is required. Periodically, wax must be added, and this conjures up the memory of Grandma on her knees.
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Art Dictionary INDEX:


List of Terms: Terms beginning with "A", Page 1

Starts With:  A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 2 3
Page Number:  1 2 3

A: Page 1 of 3.

A PRESS
A.R.
A: PRIORITARE
AAA
AAMC
AAMS
AAPE
AAT
ABNC
ABNORMAL
ACCESSORIES
ACCUMULATION
ACID
ACID FREE PAPER
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ...
ACRYLIC WOOD
ACSC
AD COLLAR
ADD
ADD-ON CACHET
ADDITIONAL HALFP...
ADHESIVE
ADMIRALS
ADMIRALTY OFFICI...
ADSONS
ADVERTISED COVER...ADVERTISEMENT PA...
ADVERTISING COVE...ADVERTISING LABE...ADVERTISING POST...
ADVICE OF DELIVE...AE
AEF
AEROGRAMME
AEROPHILATELY
AFDCS
AGENCY
AGING
AIEP
AIJP
AIR LABEL
AIR MAIL BORDER
AIR MAIL FLIGHT ...AIR MAIL STAMP
AIR-DRIED
AIRGRAPH
AIRPORT DEDICATI...AIRWAY LETTER ST...
ALA
ALBINO
ALBUM
ALBUM WEEDS
ALKALINE RESERVE
ALL OVER CACHET
ALL PURPOSE CACH...ALTERATION
ALUM
AMBULANCE BAG
AMG
AMPERE
ANDREOTTI PRESS
ANILINE INK
ANNUAL GROWTH RI...
ANNULE
ANSI
ANT
AP
APEX
APO
APPROVALS
APS
AR
ARC ROULETTE
ARC TUBE
ARCHIVAL PAPER
ARMS TYPES
ARMY FRANK
ARROW BLOCK
ARROWS
ARTIST DIE PROOF
ARTISTAMPS
AS IS
ASCAT
ASDA
ASHRAE
ASSO
ATA
ATLANTA TRIAL CO...ATLC
ATM
ATTACHED CACHET
AUCTION
AUCTION ABBREVIA...
AUCTIONEER
AUGUST ISSUES
AUTOMATIC STAMPS
AUTOPEN
AUXILIARY MARKIN...AVG.

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